Discrimination in society refers to the exclusive and/or violent treatment of other people with a natural, cultural or historical difference, in order to prevent or undermine the exercise and enjoyment of their universal citizen rights.
Therefore, any form of discrimination is an attitude contrary to the universal principle of human rights that enshrines the equality of all persons before the law.
Various types of discrimination can be recognized in society, and many times, there may be cases where several come together at the same time. Let’s see the most important ones.
It is about discrimination and exclusion based on the social class of the individual. It implies all forms of humiliation, contempt, undervaluation and mistreatment derived from social status.
The most impoverished sectors of society are victims of this type of discrimination, who are frequently judged as potential criminals, incapable, immoral, unhygienic or undesirable. This type of discrimination is the least talked about and is, without a doubt, the most frequent.
Socioeconomic discrimination can be observed when a person cannot access public services and fundamental rights (for example, when they do not have access to their documentation because they cannot pay the fees).
It is also socioeconomic discrimination when, applying the “right of admission”, a poor person is prohibited from entering certain spaces because they “disappear” the place (for example, shopping centers).
There is talk of gender discrimination or sexual discrimination when the deprivation of a person’s rights or violent treatment is motivated by their gender condition. As a general rule, gender discrimination occurs against women, since the different societies of the world are structured around patriarchal power.
This is one of the most common and silent forms of discrimination, due to the fact that it is masked in the midst of historically rooted customs and habits, that is, it is naturalized.
See also Gender Equity.
The water filter is identified for use by people of color, as people of African origin were then called.
It occurs when an individual or group is discriminated against based on their racial difference, under the ideology of supremacy of one race over another. On this concept was articulated, for example, the system of the slave economy in America, as well as Western colonialism in Africa.
This type of discrimination also tends to occur within a society where people of the same race come together, but with different phenotypic traits or separated by caste. This was the case of the genocide in Rwanda, the heir to the caste system of Belgian colonialism.
Discrimination based on ethnic or national origin
This type of discrimination is exercised against people who belong to minority cultures within a dominant culture, or who were born in countries other than the host one.
Thus, within the same society, it is possible to see discrimination against different ethnic-cultural groups, even when they may share race and/or nationality. It also applies the concept for discrimination against foreigners within a national State.
Religious discrimination is one that obstructs access to fundamental citizen rights based on the religion practiced by the subject.
It usually occurs in denominational States, in which the official religion is a mandatory condition of citizenship, or in those States that for ideological reasons pursue any form of religious organization.
Political or ideological discrimination
It is the one that practices all kinds of persecution, censorship and obstruction of civil and political rights based on the ideology of the victim. It implies inhibiting freedom of thought and expression, as well as impeding access to public life.
It is very characteristic of countries with authoritarian regimes or in countries that are going through processes of political polarization. For example, during the Cold War, both in the capitalist and communist blocs, there were open persecutions of individuals “suspected” of agreeing with the ideology contrary to the official one.
See also Examples of equity for a fairer world.
Discrimination based on sexual orientation
This type of discrimination is the one whose target population is people whose sexual orientations differ from heterosexuality or whose behaviors do not correspond to the role attributed to their gender historically.
For this reason, homosexuals (men or women), bisexuals, transsexuals and transvestites, that is, the LGBT community, are subject to discrimination based on sexual orientation.
Age or age discrimination
This type of discrimination usually aims at the submission and subordination of the victim based on their age.
This is the case of children and young people who face violence justified by the principle of adult authority and are prevented from exercising freedom of expression, among other rights. It also happens when their testimonies are not taken into account by the authorities, unless they are endorsed by an adult.
Age discrimination also affects older people who see their fundamental rights cut off, such as the right to education or work, which excludes them from the social order and favors the multiplication of poverty.
This type of discrimination usually has to do with the invisibility of disability by considering it a minority problem, which becomes a focus of dependency, poverty and social exclusion.
It covers the entire spectrum of people with physical disabilities (blindness, deafness, mobility) or intellectual disabilities (Down syndrome, autism, learning difficulties, etc.).
It is a structural problem of society, which until very recently did not contemplate policies to facilitate the access of people with disabilities to studies, work and even common activities such as access to public transport.
See also Examples of social justice that will make you smile.
How to quote: “9 types of discrimination.” In: letsupnow.com. : Consulted: