Synonyms and antonyms: what they are and 110 examples

Synonyms are those words that have a similar meaning to the word we are using, for example, the word luck. The terms chance and fortune are synonymous with luck, because they have a similar meaning.

Antonyms are words that contain an opposite meaning to the word that interests us. For example, misfortune would be an antonym for luck, because it means the opposite.

When we use synonyms, it is important to pay attention to the context. There are full synonyms such as goose and goose, which can be used interchangeably. For example:

In the lake there are three geese. In the lake there are three geese.

Partial synonyms, on the other hand, depend on the context, as is the case with sorrow, which can be synonymous with sadness or condemnation. For example:

I feel sorry for his absence.

He faces a five-year sentence.

In the same way, we can find absolute antonyms, such as everything and nothing, which speak of totally opposite ideas; or relative antonyms, which designate partially opposite concepts, such as morning and afternoon. For example:

I had everything and was left with nothing.

One week I work in the morning and another in the afternoon.

Knowing synonymous and antonymous words contributes to having a richer, more varied vocabulary. Here is a list of words with their corresponding synonyms and antonyms.

Examples of synonyms and antonyms

Synonyms antonyms

Find Find Lose
To improve Optimize Worsen
Allow Consent Ban
Release Release Hold
Affinity Likeness Difference
New Recent Used
Doubt Uncertainty Certainty
Support Defend Stand against
Unique Special Common
To give Grant To receive
To remember reminisce Forget
Know To know To ignore
Apply for Ask Deny
Life Existence Death
Balance Stability Instability
Source Beginning The end
Fear Fear Worth
Infinite Unlimited Limited
Optimum Great Horrible
Respectful Considered Inconsiderate
Weird Unaffiliated Known
Innocent Naive Malicious
Essential Essential Secondary
Growing up Increase Diminish
Sublime Excellent Vulgar
Quite Enough Scarce
Eternal Imperishable Ephemeral
Hold Secure Deny
Intelligent Perceptive Ignorant
Systematic Methodical Anarchic
Action Movement Inactivity
Important Significant Insignificant
Responsible Sensible Senseless
Interest Provision Disinterest
Obligate Force To rid
Cluster Collective Individual
Sparkly Bright Gloomy
Complex Complicated Easy
Integral Total Partial
Satisfy Please Disgust
Suitable Capable Inept
Better Higher lower
Necessary Essential Optional
Exist To have Lack
Appear Appear Hide
Conflict Quarrel Agreement
Achieve Get Fail
Tell Express To silence
Attend Help Quit
Aware Awake Unconscious
Courtesy Attention Contempt
Current Contemporary Past
Vain Empty Deep
Lack Shortage Abundance
Arbitrary Fickle Sign

Homonymous words, homophones and homographs.

Degree in Classical Philology from the Complutense University of Madrid (2007).

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