Synonyms are those words that have a similar meaning to the word we are using, for example, the word luck. The terms chance and fortune are synonymous with luck, because they have a similar meaning.
Antonyms are words that contain an opposite meaning to the word that interests us. For example, misfortune would be an antonym for luck, because it means the opposite.
When we use synonyms, it is important to pay attention to the context. There are full synonyms such as goose and goose, which can be used interchangeably. For example:
In the lake there are three geese. In the lake there are three geese.
Partial synonyms, on the other hand, depend on the context, as is the case with sorrow, which can be synonymous with sadness or condemnation. For example:
I feel sorry for his absence.
He faces a five-year sentence.
In the same way, we can find absolute antonyms, such as everything and nothing, which speak of totally opposite ideas; or relative antonyms, which designate partially opposite concepts, such as morning and afternoon. For example:
I had everything and was left with nothing.
One week I work in the morning and another in the afternoon.
Knowing synonymous and antonymous words contributes to having a richer, more varied vocabulary. Here is a list of words with their corresponding synonyms and antonyms.
Examples of synonyms and antonyms
|To give||Grant||To receive|
|Know||To know||To ignore|
Homonymous words, homophones and homographs.
Degree in Classical Philology from the Complutense University of Madrid (2007).